Japan’s participation in the G20


Japan’s participation in the G20


1. Major remarks by PM Abe in the G20 Meeting;

- On Japan’s contribution to investment in infrastructure development, PM Abe appealed “Japan’s quality infrastructure”, citing that quality infrastructure was important from the perspectives of investment and sustainable development.

- On growth strategy, PM Abe stressed that Japan would contribute to global economic growth through Japan’s growth under “Abenomics’ new three arrows” which puts emphasis on overcoming supply constraints due to the declining population (Under the new Abenomics, Japan has set goals of achieving nominal GDP of 600 trillion yen and keeping its population above 100 million through creating strong economy, measures to lift the country’s birthrate and to assist people who give nursing care for elderly family members).

- PM Abe also stated that TPP was the core of Japan’s growth strategy and it would contribute to growth of Japan though enhancement of productivity and revitalization of industries.

- In the meeting, Japan released 3 documents on

(1) Adjusted Growth Strategy, which can be downloaded from http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/files/000111132.pdf | download here
(2) Investment Strategies (Revised Version), which can be downloaded from http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/files/000111135.pdf and
(3) Action Plan to implement G20 High-Level Principles on Beneficial Ownership Transparency, which can be downloaded from http://www.mofa.go.jp/mofaj/files/000111171.pdf | download here.

2. Bilateral Meetings between Japanese PM and leaders of other countries in the sideline of the G20 Meeting,

2.1 Japan-Turkey meeting held on 13 November 2015;

- On overall bilateral relations, PM Abe and President Erdogan agreed todeepen strategic partnership between the two countries. President Erdogan stated that for Turkey, Japan was the most important partner in the Asia-Pacific region.

- On economic issues, President Erdogan stated that the total trade volume between the two countries only stood at 3.5 billion USD and Turkey would like to expand trade with Japan. PM Abe stated that the bilateral economic relations had a huge potential and Japan would like to strengthen bilateral cooperation in the fields of trade, investment as well as infrastructure development in Turkey. The two leaders also agreed to promote Japan-Turkey EPA negotiations. President Erdogan also stated that exports of Turkish food and agricultural products to Japan had a further potential.

- Both leaders also discussed the situations in Syria and Iraq and migration issue.

2.2 Japan-Australia meeting held on 14 November 2015;

- PM Abe held his first talks with Australian PM Turnbull, during which they agreed on the importance of strategic cooperation between Japan and Australia in the Asia-Pacific region and shared the view that the expansion of the bilateral cooperation was timely amid the changing strategic environment in the region.

- On regional affairs, the two leaders shared a concern over China’s unilateral activities to change the status quo in South China Sea and East China Sea and affirmed the importance of coordination to maintain maritime order based on rule of laws.

2.3 Japan-UK meeting held on 15 November 2015;

- PM Abe held talks with PM Cameron, during which they condemned the attacks in Paris and agreed to closely cooperate in anti-terrorism measures.

- On bilateral relations, PM Abe expressed appreciation to PM Cameron for his support for the security bills which was enacted in Japan in September 2015 and the two leaders agreed to promote bilateral cooperation in security and defence areas towards the next 2 plus 2 meeting between Japan and UK.

- On situation in East Asia, PM Abe explained the situation in the East China Sea and South China Sea, and stated that the international community needed to cooperate and respond to this situation based on the perspective of the rule of law. In this context, PM Abe stated that in accordance with this perspective, Japan supported the recent “Freedom of Navigation Operations” by the United States Navy.

2.4 Japan-EU meeting held on 15 November 2015;

- PM Abe held talks with European Commission President Juncker, during which they agreed to accelerate the negotiations for Japan-EU EPA and Japan-EU Strategic Partnership Agreement towards early agreement.

- On the terrorist attacks in Paris, PM Abe stated that it was a challenge to the common value that the international community shared and the international community should be united in condemning such act.

2.5 Japan-Russia meeting held on 15 November 2015;

- PM Abe and President Putin agreed to find ways for a mutually acceptable resolution towards the signing of a peace treaty.

- The two leaders agreed to continue dialogues between the two countries at various levels, including leaders’ level, to develop the bilateral relations. In this connection, they agreed to coordinate to realize a visit to Japan by President Putin at a mutually convenient time for the both sides.

2.6 Japan-Saudi Arabia meeting held on 16 November 2015:

- PM Abe held talks with H.M. King Salman, during which they agreed to strengthen cooperation for stability in the Middle East including anti-terrorism. PM Abe stated that Saudi Arabia was the most important country for Japan in the region, considering its stable positioning in the region and the strong economic relations with Japan.

2.7 Japan-Germany meeting held on 16 November 2015;

- PM Abe and Chancellor Merkel discussed issues such as terrorism, situation in Ukraine, migrant problem, and rule of law in the international community. Chancellor Merkel stated that the international community should continue to pay attention to the situation in Ukraine, even though the situation in Syria had increasingly become the centre of attention. She also stated that the peaceful solution was important in dealing with the issue of Ukraine and expressed her wish to coordinate with Japan, the next Chair of G7.

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